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  • BCE

  • BCE

    Vatsyayana's The Kama Sutra devotes an entire chapter to homosexuality with explicit detailed instructions on how to perform homosexual acts

  • 0

  • 3rd century BC to c. 4th century AD

    Tamil Sangam literature refers to relationships between two men and explores the lives of trans women in the Aravan cult in Koovagam village in Tamil Nadu

  • 1000

  • 1015

    Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni, who was the first Muslim ruler of the Indian subcontinent, has a relationship with his slave Malik Ayaz. This relationship has become an Islamic legend and Mahmud later appointed Malik Ayaz as the sultan of Lahore

  • 1529

    Emperor Babur's memoirs, the Baburnama, include a recollection of his erotic love for a teenage boy

  • 1538

    Shah Hussain, a Punjabi Sufi poet regarded as a saint, was in love with a Brahmin boy called "Madho" or "Madho Lal". They are often referred to as a single person with the composite name "Madho Lal Hussain"

  • 1740

    Dargah Quli Khan's personal diary Muraqqa-e-Delhi: The Mughal Capital in Muhammad Shah's Time "briefly documents his foray into the pederastic circles of Islamic Delhi

  • 1750-1830

    Emergence of Rekhti chapti-namahs, or female same-sex narratives, in Urdu poetry

  • 1861

    Anti-sodomy section of Offences against the Person Act 1861 imposed on entire British Empire, that says "Whosoever shall be convicted of the abominable Crime of Buggery, committed either with Mankind or with any Animal, shall be liable, at the Discretion of the Court, to be kept in Penal Servitude for Life or for any Term not less than Ten Years." This section is credited with giving birth to the controversial Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code

  • 1871

    Hijras labeled a "criminal tribe" under the Criminal Tribes Act, 1871, meaning they could be arrested as criminals anywhere in British India

  • 1897

    Criminal Tribes Act of 1871 amended, with the subtitle "An Act for the Registration of Criminal Tribes and Eunuchs," ordering that "criminal" eunuchs “dressed or ornamented like a woman in a public street…be arrested without warrant” and imprisoned

  • 1900

  • 1918

    Earliest known records of South Asian MSM in North America, as Tara Singh and Jamil Singh are separately arrested for interracial sodomy in Sacramento, CA

  • 1922

    Poems Written in Prisotttn by Gopabandhu Das, a freedom fighter and Gandhian, is published. At least two poems address male friends and co-workers, and the author describes these relationships in terms that are intense and erotically charged though not overtly sexual. These poems are sometimes included in Odia language literature textbooks

  • 1924

    Chocolate, a short story in Hindi written by nationalist and social reformer Pandey Bechan Sharma (under the penname Ugra), is published in the nationalist newspaper Matvala. Ugra's crusade against male-to-male sex sparks debate in Hindi newspapers and magazines, resulting in perhaps the first public debate in Hindi on homosexuality -

  • 1929

    Mahatma Gandhi speaks out against same-sex relations in a Young India letter, in response to queries on "unnatural vices" in schools

  • 1936

    Urdu poet Firaq Gorakhpuri writes an essay defending the Ghazal form of poetry that includes a defence of homosexuality, citing renowned philosophers, poets and other luminaries across the East and the West who were homosexual or had expressed homosexual desire in well-known works

  • 1942

    "Lihaaf" ("The Quilt") is a 1942 Urdu short story written by Ismat Chughtai

  • 1944

    Ismat Chughtai faces obscenity trial for Lihaaf

  • 1945

    "Lihaaf" ("The Quilt") is a 1942 Urdu short story written by Ismat Chughtai

  • 1962

    India Rajendra Yadav, a leading Hindi novelist, publishes his story"Prateeksha" ("Waiting") that depicts a homosexual relation between two women without censure and in detail

  • 1968

    India Bhupen Khakhar, a painter and writer of Gujarati fiction, as one of the few openly homosexual luminaries, writes an untitled story depicting bisexuality in a quotidian, lower middle-class context

  • 1970

    India Gay Scene journal published in Calcutta (only a few issues published)

  • 1974

    India Malayalam novel Randu Penkuttikal ("Two Girls") by V. T. Nandakumar is published in India. The novel gives a positive picture of lesbian relationships in Kerala, and became very popular among young women

  • 1976

    Kamala Das, a poet in South Asia, published My Story in 1976, creating a minor scandal. The autobiography revealed her extramarital heterosexual affairs and her adolescent crush on a female teacher and a brief lesbian encounter with an older student

  • 1978

    Noted math prodigy Shakuntala Devi publishes The World of Homosexuals. The book is primarily a collection of interviews with homosexual men and advocates for societal acceptance of homosexuality

  • 1979

    • Begum Barve, a Marathi play written and directed by Satish Alekar, is performed for the first time by Theatre Academy, Pune, at Shriram Centre in New Delhi. Begum Barve, the central character, plays female parts and desires to live a woman’s life

    • The story "A Double Life" by well known Rajasthani author Vijay Dan Detha is published, depicting a romantic-sexual relationship between two women "married" to each other in rural Rajasthan

  • Late 1970s / Early 1980s

    • Partner, a one-act play written by Dr. Anand Nadkarni, explores the relationship between two male hostel inmates in love, and the complications when one of them gets married.

    • Two college students in love, Mallika and Lalitatambika, attempt suicide

    • The Delhi Group formed; Red Rose Rendezvous Group started. Indian women in Delhi active in creating spaces, dialogue, or research: Giti, Kanchana, Gita, Abha, and Paola

  • 1981

    • All-India Hijra Conference in Agra brings together over 50,000 hijras from across South Asia

    • Saheli Women's Resource Centre is founded in Delhi by Amiya, Bharati, Buchy, Gouri, Kalpana, Rukmini, Vichitra & Vidya

    • "Mitrachi Gosht", a lesbian theme play in Marathi written by eminent playwright Vijay Tendulkar opens in Mumbai and Thane. The play portrays the inner conflict of a woman who realizes she is lesbian. It was well received, and ran for 26 shows. (August 15)

    1981-Books

    • Feminist Fables
      Author: Suniti Namjoshi
  • 1984

    • Jagori is founded by Abha Bhaiya, Kamla Bhasin, Runu Chakravarty, Gauri Choudhury, Sheba Chhacchi, Manjari Dingwaney and Joginder Panghaal

    1984-Books

    • From the Bedside Book of Nightmares
      Author: Suniti Namjoshi
  • 1986

    • First case of HIV reported in India, in Chennai

    • Flesh and Paper Suniti Namoshi and Gillian Eve Hanscombe

    • Hijra conference in Bhopal, India (April)

    • Conditions: Thirteen publishes interview with Khayal and Utsa in "There Are, Always Have Been, Always Will Be Lesbians in India

    • Kanchana researches Hindu text for women loving women references

    1986-Books

    • Flesh and Paper
      Author: Suniti Namjoshi
  • 1987

    • Sneha Sangam gay group forms in Bangalore

    • Society magazine in India prints a story about Trikone (Jan)

    • Bhopal policewomen Lila and Urmila marry with religious priest and get fired from police job (Dec)

    • Village teachers Aruna Sombhai Jaisinghbhai Gohil, aged 31, and Sudha Amarsinh Mohansinh Ratanwadia, aged 29, entered maitri karar (friendship agreement) before a notary public in 1987 after nine years together

    1987-Books

    • Between the Lines
      Author: An Anthology by Pacific/Asian lesbians of Santa Cruz, California includes Anu's chapter "Sexuality, Lesbianism, and South Asian Feminism"
  • 1988

    • Trikone (San Francisco), Khush (Toronto), Shakti (London) and Urvashi Vaid make the Illustrated Weekly of India.

    • Gita Darji and Kishori Shah RIP

    1988-Books

    • My Story
      Author: Kamala Das
  • 1989

    • Dominic D’Souza arrested placed in solitary confinement in India because he is HIV+ (Feb)

    • Sneha Sangam formed (Bangalore)

    • Sojourner publishes "Breaking Silence: Coming Out in India", Sharmeen Islam

    • South Asian Gay Association formed by 12 South Asians

    1989-Books

    • The Mothers of Maya Diip
      Author: Suniti Namjoshi
  • 1990

    • Freedom newsletter published in Gulbarga (Sep)

    • Fun Club starts in Calcutta to organize social gatherings (Dec)

    • India's first gay magazine, Bombay Dost, founded by Ashok Row Kavi (Jun)

    • Indian lesbians attend Asian Lesbian Network conference in Bangkok

    • Lila’s father files case under Section 377 against Lila’s partner Tarulata who underwent FTM sex change to marry Lila Chavda in 1989 (Apr)

    • Red Rose Meetings start in New Delhi for gay men

    • Vandana Cibbal and Simmi Kapoor RIP

    • Film: Flesh and Paper by Pratibha Parmar about Suniti Namjoshi

    • Film: Jareena: Portrait of a Hijra by Prem Kalliat

    1990-Books

    • Trying to Grow
      Author:Firdaus Kanga
  • 1991

    • ABVA publishes Less than Gay, the first citizen’s report on homosexuality in India (Nov)

    • Pravartak published in Calcutta

    • Sakhi formed in New Delhi (Jul) (not sure if its 1990 or 1991) founded by Giti Thadani

    • Film: Bolo! Bolo! By Gita Saxena and Ian Rashid

    • Film: Eunuchs – India’s Third Gender by Michael Yorke for BBC

    • Film: Khush – landmark doc by Pratibha Parmar

    • Film: Khush Refugees by Nidhi Singh

    • Play: Bravely Fought the Queen by Mahesh Dattani

    1991-Books

    • Khush
      Author:An Investigation into South Asian Lesbians and Gay Men and Their Lives edited by Shivananda Khan and Pratibha Parmar, and SHAKTI, published in London by the Naz Project
  • 1992

    • Activist Siddhartha Gautam, a lawyer who founded the AIDS Bhedbhav Virodhi Andolan (ABVA) in 1989-90 to raise public awareness about HIV/AIDS and protest discriminatory policies, passes away in New Delhi at age 28

    • Dominic D’Souza, AIDS activist dies

    • Udaan founded in Mumbai to work with MSM

    1992-Books

    • Invisible Minority
      Author:The Unknown World of the Indian Homosexual by Arvind Kala
  • 1993

    • Aarambh newsletter/magazine debuts in New Delhi

    • Counsel Club formed in Calcutta

    • Friends of Siddhartha Gautam organize a film festival in Delhi in his memory

    • Khush Club forms in Mumbai of gay men

    • Modern-day traditional wedding Aditya Advani and Michael Tarr performed by Swami Bodhananda

    • Naz and Sakhi Seminar on Alternative Sexualities in New Delhi

    • Nirantar Center for Gender and Education is founded

    • Pratibha Parmar receives Frameline Award for contributions to queer cinema

    • Samraksha AIDS organization formed in Bangalore (Dec)

    • Gay angst (review of Lotus of Another Color), India Today, June 30, 1993

    1993-Books

    • Feminist Fables
      Author:Suniti Namjoshi
    • Lotus of Another Color
      Author:Rakesh Ratti
    • Shobha De's Strange Obsession
      Author:(1993), a rambunctious novel about lesbian love published by Penguin Books of India
    • Queer Looks
      Author:Pratibha Parmar, John Greyson, Martha Gever
    • Out on Main Street
      Author:Shani Mootoo
  • 1994

    • ABVA challenges Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code in court after condom distribution prohibited in Tihar Jail, Delhi

    • First gay conference in India reported (incorrectly) by Erie Gay News in Feb 1995. Conference said to have happened Dec (1994). See 1981

    • G.A.Y (Good as You) group formed in Bangalore

    • Humsafar Trust registered in India

    • All India Hijra Kalyan Sabha got voting rights in India

    • Naz/Humsafar Gay Men’s Conference in Bombay

    • Vaadamalli by novelist Su.Samuthiram is the first Tamil novel about Aravaani community in Tamil Nadu

    • Vimla Farooqui of National Federation of Indian Women asks PM to stop gay meet claiming homosexuality is Western

    • Film: Destiny, Desire and Devotion by Zahid Dar

    1994-Books

    • Funny Boy
      Author:Shyam Selvadurai
    • Funny Boys and Funny Girls
      Author:Notes on a Queer South Asian Planet by Gayathri Gopinath
  • 1995

    • Anuja Gupta, who worked with ABVA, an Indian AIDS prevention group, testifies at tribunal on human rights violations against sexual minorities in New York (Oct)

    • Humsafar Center inaugurated in Bombay (Oct)

    • SAGrrls list serve launched by Jasbir Puar and others

    • South Asia lesbians and bisexual women at Beijing Women's Conference (Sep)

    • Stree Sangam started (Now referred to as LABIA- A Queer Feminist LBT Collective) founded by Lesley Esteves and Shals Mahajan

    • Sulaiman Mohammed, founding member of Atish passes away (Aug)

  • 1996

    • Kali becomes first hijra to stand for elections in Bihar (Judicial Reforms Party) (Apr)

    • Stree Sangam organizes First National Gathering of Women who Love Women in Mumbai (Jun)

    • TARSHI is founded by Radhika Chandiramani

    • Film: A Mermaid Called Aida by Riyad Wadia

    • Film: BomGay, based on R. Raj Rao’s poems, by Riyad Wadia

    • Film: Fire by Deepa Mehta

    1996-Books

    • Giti Thadani, Sakhiyani
      Author:Lesbian Desire in Ancient and Modern India
    • Shani Mootoo
      Author:Cereus Blooms at Night
    • The Invisibles: A Tale of Eunuchs of India
      Author:Zia Jaffrey
  • 1997

    • Bandhu Social Welfare Society established in Dhaka to work on HIV/AIDS and the MSM community

    • Copies of Trikone seized by Indian customs on grounds of morality (Aug)

    • Darpan newsletterfor Indian LGBT launched in Delhi

    • Humrahi formally starts in Delhi

    • Mahila Samanwaya Committee for sex workers in Calcutta opens membership to male sex workers

    • Meeting for Women who love Women is part of VIth National Conference of Women’s Movements, Ranchi (Dec)

    • National Seminar on Gay Rights organized by students of National Law School in Bangalore (Sep)

    • Naz Foundation (India) Trust starts helplines – Sangini for women and Humraz for men

    • Sabrang – a mixed group forms in Bangalore (Sep)

    • Film: Darmiyaan: In Between by Kalpana Lajmi

    • Film: Sixth Happiness by Waris Hussein

    • Film: Tamanna by Paresh Rawal about the life of a hijra

    1997-Books

    • Sex, Longing and Not Belonging
      Author:A Gay Muslim’s Quest for Love and Meaning by Badruddin Khan
  • 1998

    • Al-Fatiha Foundation, an organization for LGBTQ Muslims worldwide, is founded by Faisal Alam, a Pakistani America

    • DESIDYKES created

    • First public performance of Chetan Datar's Marathi-language play Ek Madhav Baug at the Humsafar Trust in Mumba

    • Gay Bombay (internet group) formed

    • GHAR (Gay Housing Assistance Resource) mailing lists start, eventually covering Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Delhi, Bangalore, Canada, and the United States

    • Partners for Law in Development is founded

    • Sangha Mitra newsletter in Kannada and English published in Bangalore (Feb)

    • Sarani experimental group stages Coming Out with Music in Calcutta (Apr)

    • Scripts a magazine which features queer/feminist/activist voices from LABIA is founded

    • Film: Fire released in India and theaters are vandalized (Nov-Dec)

    • Play: On A Muggy Night in Mumbai – play by Mahesh Dattani explores gay life. On a Muggy Night in Mumbai performed in Mumbai

    1998-Books

    • Cinnamon Gardens
      Author: Shyam Selvadurai
    • Neither Man nor Woman: The Hijras of India
      Author:Serena Nanda
  • 1999

    • Aanchal Trust forms in Bombay with helpline for women (Aug)

    • Al-Fatiha hosts first national conference for LGBT Muslims (May)

    • Campaign for Lesbian Rights launched in India partly as a response to the violent demonstrations against Fire (Jan)

    • Counsel Club and Integration organizes Friendship Walk in Calcutta (Jul)

    • Fire re-cleared by Central Board of Film Censors (Feb)

    • Fire released in India

    • Khamosh!Emergency Jari Hai/ Lesbian Emergence published by Campaign for Lesbian Rights in India (Aug)

    • LGBT India conducts Operation Sparsh to educate political parties on sexual minority rights (Sep)

    • Olava (Organized Lesbian Alliance for Visibility and Acceptance) forms in Pune (Nov)

    • Sangama started in Bangalore

    • Sappho forms in Calcutta for lesbian and bi women (Jun)

    • Sanghamitra a magazine for Indian LGBT begins in Bangalore

    • The White Party (a gay party) in Bombay raided by police (Jun)

    • Yaarian, national gay conference in Hyderabad (Feb)

    • Film: Chutney Popcorn by Nisha Ganatra

    • Film: Summer in My Veins by Nishit Saran

    1999-Books

    • A Woman Like That
      Author: Joan Larkin
    • Facing the Mirror
      Author: lesbian writing from India for Penguin India edited by Ashwini Sukhtankar
    • First edition of Humjinsi
      Author: Resource book on Lesbian, Gay and Bisexual Rights in India published (Feb)
    • Love in a Different Climate
      Author: Men who have Sex with Men in India by Jeremy Seabrook
    • The Splintered Day
      Author: V.K. Mina
    • Yaraana
      Author: anthology of gay writing for Penguin India | Editor: Hoshang Merchant
  • 2000

  • 2000

    • 172nd Law Commission Report of the Law Commission of India recommends deletion of Section 377 (Mar)

    • Alternative Law Forum is formed in Bangalore

    • Ash Kotak’s play Hijra staged in London (Oct)

    • CREA a feminist human rights organization is founded by Geetanjali Misra & Pramada Menon

    • Delhi hosts its first officially "out" lesbian and gay film festival (Jan)

    • Gay Bombay has meeting with parents (Feb)

    • Humjinsi, a resource book for LGB rights published (India). Also includes papers presented at a seminar in Mumbai (1997)

    • Humsafar Trust organizes Looking into the Next Millenium conference in Mumbai (May)

    • LGBT India conducts Operation Sparsh to educate political parties on sexual minority rights

    • SAATHII founded in Chennai and New York as an NGO working on concerted response to HIV/AIDS epidemic in India

    • Journal of Homosexuality’s issue on queer Asian cinema includes several articles on Indian cinema

    • National Human Rights Commission in India recommend reformulating Section 377 to legalize sexual activity between consenting adults (Nov)

    • Poet Ifti Nasim receives Adeeb International Award (Jul)

    • Shaleen Rakesh starts regular gay column in Around Town magazine in New Delhi (Feb)

    • QueerIISc, the first college/university campus queer group in India, founded at the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore

    • Shabnam Mausi, a hijra, wins election in Madhya Pradesh to state assembly (Mar)

    • Film: Bombay Eunuchs, directors Alexandra Shiva, Sean McDonald and Michelle Gucovsky

    2000-Books

    • Same Sex Love in India – Readings from Literature and History
      Author: Ruth Vanita and Saleem Kidwai
    • Gay Bombay
      Author: Parmesh Shahni
    • Kari
      Author: Amruta Patil
  • 2001

    • Blue Diamond Society, Nepal’s only organization for sexual minorities founded

    • Companions on a Journey and Women's Support Group win Felipa DeSouza award from IGLHRC (May)

    • Delhi hosts India’s first public gay wedding for Vijay and Naseem (May)

    • Four activists of Naz Foundation International arrested in Lucknow under Section 377 in "gay area," Naz and Bharosa offices raided (Jul)

    • Gay Bombay has meeting with parents (India)

    • Lakshyaa – first Gujarati gay magazine comes out

    • Milan Project (Naz India) files case with National Human Rights Commission against psychiatric abuse of a homosexual patient subjected to aversion therapy (May)

    • Naz Foundation (India) Trust awarded 2001 Commonwealth Award for Action on HIV/AIDS (Oct)

    • Naz Foundation files petition in Delhi High Court challenging constitutional validity of Section 377 (Dec)

    • Film: Bombay Eunuch

    • Film: For Straights Only by Vismita Gupta-Smith

    • Film: Rewriting the Script: A Love Letter to Our Families (Toronto)

    2001-Books

    • Ladies Coupé
      Author: Anita Nair
    • Queering India
      Editor: Ruth Vanita
    • Bhupen Khakhar
      Translator: G. Devy, N. Mehta & B. Srinivasan
  • 2002

    • Ashok Pillai, president of Indian Network of People Living with HIV/AIDS passes away (Apr)

    • Delhi hosts first public gay wedding

    • Filmmaker Nishit Saran killed in car accident in New Delhi

    • First ILGA summit in India organized by Humsafar Trust and Aanchal (Oct)

    • First legal same-sex union on Indian soil with Indian fashion designer Wendell Rodricks, a Goan Catholic, and Jerome Marrell conducted at French Embassy under French law

    • Hijra Habba festival organized in Bangalore

    • Lovers Geethalakshmi and Sumathi commit suicide in Tamil Nadu (Sep)

    • Naz Foundation files petition in Delhi high court, challenging Section 377

    • Police harassment of Sangama organization in Bangalore

    • Sahayatrika group set up in Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala to tackle increasing lesbian suicides (Oct)

    • Film: Flying With One Wing – a film by Ashok Handagama about a woman who lives as a man released in Sri Lanka

    • Film: For Straights Only

    • Film: Gulabi Aina, a drag queen movie by Sridhar Rangayan

    • Film: Kaashish by Sangini

    • Film: Mango Soufflé, film version of Muggy Night directed by Mahesh Dattani

    2002-Books

    • Translating Desire
      Editor: Brinda Bose
    • The Man who Was a Woman and Other Queer Tales from Hindu Lore
      Author: Devdutt Pattanaik
    • Queering India
      Same-Sex Love and Eroticism in Indian Culture and Society
      E Author: Ruth Vanita
  • 2003

    • Anjuman formed as a platform to engage JNU’s public political spaces with conversations on gender and sexuality

    • Black and White – 1st GLBT AIDS charity event in Colombo (Jun)

    • Filmmaker Riyad Wadia passes away in Mumbai (Dec)

    • Larzish, 1st International Film Festival of Sexuality and Gender Plurality in Mumbai (Aug)

    • Movenpick/Orinam, social support group for LGBT&A started in Chennai, India

    • Nepal hosts first drag beauty contest (May)

    • Nepal’s Blue Diamond Society hosts Gaijatra Pride festival (Aug)

    • Nigah a queer collective working on issues related to gender and sexuality is founded in Delhi

    • Openly gay painter Bhupen Khakkar passes away (Aug)

    • Rainbow Walk – Gay Pride march in Kolkata (Jun)

    • Shree Nandu, 24, and Sheela, 22, declared themselves same-sex spouses

    2003-Books

    • The Boyfriend
      Author: R. Raj Rao
    • The Trouble with Islam
      Author: Irshad Manji
      results in death threats
  • 2004

    • 39 gays arrested in Nepal on grounds of "disturbing society" (Aug)

    • Delhi High Court dismisses Naz India’s public interest litigation petition seeking repeal of Section 377 (Sep)

    • Equal Ground – an LGBTIQ organization forms in Sri Lanka (Jun)

    • First Colombo Pride in Sri Lanka

    • Hijra activist Famila dies in Bangalore (Aug)

    • Humsafar opens 1st Indian gay and lesbian drop-in center opens in Mumbai (Apr)

    • On December 49 2004 Voices against 377 launched the "Million Voices Campaign" (Dec), a campaign to collect one million messages on sexual rights

    • Pushkin Chandra and Kuldeep, gay men, killed in Delhi. (Aug)

    • Swakanthey (In Our Own Voice) a bilingual (Bengali/English) magazine by Sappho begins publishing

    • Theaters vandalized in India over screening of Girlfriends (Aug)

    • Voices Against 377 publishes a report about endig discrimination against queer desire

    • Film: Happy Hookers by Ashish Sawhney

    • Film: Many People Many Desires by Jayashree T.

    • Film: The Bath by Sachin Kundalkar

    • Film: The Journey by Ligy Pullapally

    • Film: Touch of Pink by Ian Iqbal Rashid

    • Film: Yours Emotionally by Sridhar Rangayan

    2004-Books

    • Bravely Fought Queen
      Author: Mahesh Dattani
    • Babyji
      Author: Abha Dawesar
    • Madras on Rainy Days
      Author: Samina Ali
    • Red Threads
      The South Asian Queer Connection in Photographs
      Author: Poulomi Desai and Parminder Sekhon
  • 2005

  • 2005

    • 1st Sri Lankan Pride Celebration in Colombo

    • Blue Diamond Society in Nepal launches weekly newspaper (Jan)

    • In Plainspeak, a magazine with content on sexuality begins to be published by TARSHI

    • Ismail Merchant passes away (May)

    • Onir’s award-winning film My Brother Nikhil about a gay swimmer and AIDS releases in India (Mar)

    • Pokkhiraj" (The Pegasus) gay music video by Bangla band Cactus airs on TV (Jul)

    • Protesters march in Mumbai against Section 377 (Aug)

    • Vikram Seth comes out

    • Voices Against 377 is founded

    • Film: My Brother Nikhil by Onir

    • Fim: Shabnam Mousi by Yogesh Bhardwaj

    • Film: Yours Emotionally!

    2005-Books

    • Love’s Rite – Same-Sex Marriage in India and the West
      Author: Ruth Vanita
    • Wish You Were Here
      Author: Sunil Gupta
    • Partner (Marathi)
      Author: Bindumadhav Khire
    • Because I Have a Voice – Queer Politics in India
      Editor: Arvind Narrain and Gautam Bhan
    • Impossible Desires – Queer Diasporas and South Asian Public Cultures
      Author: Gayatri Gopinath
    • Swimming in the Monsoon Sea
      Author: Shyam Selvadurai
  • 2006

    • Abha Dawesar's Babyji wins Stonewall Award

    • Flora Fountain Mumbai Anti-377 protest

    • Four men arrested in Lucknow for operating an Internet "gay racket" and "unnatural sex" (Jan)

    • Men Community Development Society for homosexuals formed in Chennai (Mar)

    • NACO estimates 5.2 million people ages 15–49 living in India with HIV/AIDS (Apr)

    • Rainbow News, a newsletter, is launched in Columbo by EQUAL GROUND

    • The Dalai Lama expresses concern at violence against LGBT people and urges human rights for all (Apr)

    • Queer Resource website Orinam.net website launched

    2006-Books

    • Loving Women: Being Lesbian in Under privileged India
      Author: Maya Sharma
    • Gay Writers in Search of the Divine
      Author: Antony Copley
    • With Respect to Sex: Negotiating Hijra Identity in South India
      Author: Gayatri Reddy
  • 2007

    • Supreme Court of Nepal orders government to support LGBT equality

    • IFilm: 68 Pages directed by Sridhar Rangayan

    2007-Books

    • About Me: Apni Khabar
      Author: P.B. Sharma 'Ugra'
      Translator: Ruth Vanita
    • Defending Human Rights
      Author: Oishik Sicar, Debolina Dutta & Sneha Gole
    • Stealing Nasreen
      Author: Farzana Doctor
  • 2008

    • Chay magazine begins publication on sex and sexuality in Pakistan

    • Chennai Dost established

    • Nepali government starts to allocate national budget for LGBTQ

    • Sunil Pant elected to Nepali Constitutional Assembly (first openly elected queer person) (Apr)

    • The zine Gaysi is founded

    2008-Books

    • Gandhi's Tiger and Sita's Smile
      Author: Ruth Vanita
    • New Life: Selected Stories
      Author:Viyai D. Detha
    • Past Continuous
      Author: Neel Mukherjee
    • The Pregnant King
      Author: Devdutt Pattanaik
    • Forbidden Sex, Forbidden Texts
      New India’s Gay Poets
      Author: Hoshang Merchant
  • 2009

    • Campaign for Open Minds launched

    • Chennai’s first Rainbow Pride March (June)

    • Jiah, a quarterly electronic magazine was launched for Indian queer women in November, 2009

    • Keengar Society – Youth Secular Organization for Protection of Religious and Sexual Minorities registered in Pakistan

    • Pakistan’s Supreme Court declares third gender for trans/hijra population; orders all state organizations to protect them equally under the law

    • Pink Pages India, an elctronic magazine for Indian LGBT is first published in July of 2009

    • Section 377 read down by Delhi High Court to exclude all consensual sex among adults

    • The Queer Chronicle (now known as TQC), a monthly electronic magazine is launched for LGBT in Pune in September 2009

    2009-Books

    • Blue Boy
      Author: Rakesh Satyal
    • Bombay Dost 2009
      Editor-in-Chief: Ashok Row Kavi
      Guest Editor: Vikram Phukan
      Editor: Nitin Karani
    • Leaving India
      Author: Minal Hajratwala
    • The Right that Dares to Speak its Name (Kannada & English)
      Author: A. Narrain & M. Eldridge
    • Indradhanu (Marathi)
      Author: Bindumadhav Khire
  • 2010

  • 2010

    • Galaxy Magazine, a monthly electronic magazine is launched in January 2010

    • Humsafar Trust premieres Hindu translation of Chetan Datar's play Ek Madhav Baug at Mumbai Queer Film Festival, before taking the play on the road across India and the United States

    • KASHISH Mumbai International Queer Film Festival founded

    • Queer Ink is founded by Shobhna S. Kumar

    • TYaariyan group for LGBT youth founded in Mumbai by the Humsafar Trust (Dec)

    • Film: Arekti Premer Golpo, a Bengali drama directed by Bengali filmmaker Kaushik Ganguly

    • Film: Memories in March, a Hindi and English language drama directed by Sanjoy Nag

    2010-Books

    • Alternative Sexualities in India
      Author: Ana Garca-Arroyo
    • Exploring Queer Identity
      Author: Amey Kolhe & Imran Ali Khan
    • Hostel Room 131
      Author:R. Raj Rao
    • Jaya
      Author: Devdutt Pattanaik
    • Pink Sheep
      Author: Mahesh Natarajan
    • Quarantine
      Author: Rahul Mehta
    • The Dead Camel & other Stories
      Author: Parvati Sharma
    • The Last Pretence
      Author: Sarayu Srivasta
    • The Truth About Me
      Author: A. Revathi
    • Vivek and I
      Mayur Patel
    • You Are Not Alone
      Author: Arun Mirchandani
  • 2011

    • Hijras get right to vote by Supreme Court

    • Naz Male Health Alliance (the first MSM/TG based CBO) established in Pakistan

    • Open listserv gay_bombay@yahoogroups.com formed, not affiliated with gaybombay@yahoogroups.com list

    • Saathi (IIT-Bombay) campus-based LGBT group

    • Srishti Madurai formed on September 2 as India's first student volunteer LGBTQIA educational research foundation

    • Film: Project Bolo-Indian LGBT Oral History Project

    2011-Books

    • Blue Blood
      Author: Uttara Chauhan
    • Bombay Dost 2011
      Editor: Ashok Row Kavi & Shibu Thomas
    • Chasing Numbers Betraying People
      Author:Aneka
    • Jamali- Kamali: A Tale of Passion in Mughal India
      Author: Karen Chase
    • Law, Like, Love: Queer Perspectives on Law
      Editor: Arvind Narrain & Alok Gupta
    • My Brother…Nikhil
      Author: Onir
    • Ninny's Natter
      Author: Ninad Jog
    • Our Lives Our Words
      Author: A. Revathi
    • Perfectly Untraditional
      Author: Sweta Srivastava Vikram
    • Six Meters Of Pavement
      Farzana Doctor
    • The Exiles
      Author: Ghalib Shiraz Dhalla
    • The Man Who Would be Queen
      Autobiographical Fictions
      Author: Hoshang Merchant
  • 2012

    • Anil Sadanandan was murdered on May 10, 2012

    • Asia's first Genderqueer pride parade and Alan Turing centenary celebrations commenced at Madurai on July 2012

    • First LGBT Education Fest for School Students launched by Srishti Madurai at Madurai on 5 June 2012, It was attended by 600 school students

    • Gopi Shankar of Srishti Madurai became the youngest panelist to share a chair at the University Grants Commission’s sponsored seminars on gender and sexuality that have been taking place all over Tamil Nadu since 2012-2014

    • Several Pakistani hijra leaders run for national and provincial assembly seats in elections (e.g. Bindiya Rana of Gender Interactive Alliance

    • Film: India Chitrangada: The Crowning Wish by Rituparno Ghosh

    2012-Books

    • Out! Stories from New Queer India
      Editor: Minal Hajratwala
    • Close, Too Close: The Tranquebar Book of Queer Erotica
      Author: Meenu and Shruti
    • Female Masculinity
      Author: Judith Halberstam
    • Gender, Sex and the City
      Author: Ruth Vanita
    • The Canada Album
      Author: R. Raj Rao
    • The Green Rose
      Author: Sharmila Mukherjee
    • Travails of Entrapment
      Author: Himadri Roy
    • My Magical Palace
      Author: Kunal Mukherjee
  • 2013

    • On January 2013 The American College in Madurai under graduation English department included Funny Boy by Shyam Selvadurai as part of syllabus under gay literature and ‘The Truth about me: A Hijra Life story’ by A. Revathi under Third Gender literature marginalized studies. Due to the efforts of Srishti Madurai.

    • Srishti Madurai launched India's first helpline for Genderqueer, LGBTQIA in October 2, 2011, at Madurai. Later in June 2013 the helpline turned to offer service for 24 hours with a tagline "Just having someone understanding to talk to can save a life"

    • On December 11, 2013, Supreme Court of India reinstates Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code, overruling the 2009 Delhi High Court Judgement

    2013-Books

    • A People Stronger
      Author: Suneeta Singh, Sangita Dasgupta, Pallav Patankar & Minati Sinha
    • Alone Together
      Author: Mannu Bhandari, Archana Verma, Rajee Seth | Translator: Ruth Vanita
    • Bombay Dost 2013
      Editor: Ashok Row Kavi & Shibu Thomas
    • Cobalt Blue
      Author: Sachin Kundalkar
      Translator: Jerry Pinto
    • How I Got Lucky
      Author: Farhad J. Dadyburjor
    • I Am Vidya
      Author: Living Smile Vidya
    • The City of Devi
      Author: Manil Suri
    • The Hungry Ghosts
      Author: Shyam Selvadurai
    • The Lion and the Antler
      Author: Shaleen Rakesh
    • Antarang (Marathi)
      Editor: Bindumadhav Khire
  • 2014

    • The Supreme Court of India agreed to hear arguments for a curative petition on Section 377

    • In July 2014 first book on Genderqueer in Tamil and first Tamil book on LGBTQIA from Srishti Madurai was released by BJP’s state general secretary Vanathi Srinivasan at the Hindu spiritual service foundation’s sixth service fair, Chennai

    • First Indian LGBT Youth Leadership Summit held in Mumbai (Feb)

    • Supreme Court of India rules in the NALSA vs. Union of India case, declaring that transgender people have all rights granted by the Indian constitution, the right to determine their gender (man, woman, third-gender) regardless of surgery, hormones or atti

    • In October 2014, A month long celebrations commenced to celebrate LGBT History Month at The American College with a lecture on Gender and sexual minorities organised by Srishti Madurai

    • Maraikappata Pakkangal (Hidden Pages) is the first book on LGBTQIA & Gendervariants in Tamil penned by Gopi Shankar of Srishti Madurai

    2014-Books

    • Shikhandi
      Author: Devdutt Pattanaik
    • Talking of Muskaan
      Author: Himanjali Sarkar
  • 2015

  • 2015

    • Madhu Kinnar, India's first transgender mayor and a member of the Dalit community, elected as mayor of Raigarh, Chhattisgarh (Jan)

    • India's Rajya Sabha passes the Rights of Transgender Persons Bill, 2014, paving the way for a potential future law (Apr)

    • Manabi Bandyopadhyay celebrated as India's first openly transgender college principal (May)

    • First ad featuring two lesbians in India

    • Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, started offering "Others" option in the gender column of the application form. Due to the efforts of Gopi Shankar of Srishti Madurai and the student community at JNU

    • Srishti Madurai urged Lok Sabha MP's to include intersex people in a bill to protect the rights of trans people

    • Film: First ever movie on Pakistan’s hidden LGBT community: Poshida: Hidden LGBT Pakistan

    • LABIA (formerly Stree Sangam) celebrates 20 years

    • The "Rights of Transgender Persons Bill 2014" was passed by the Rajya Sabha

    2015-Books

    • Bombay Dost 2015
      Editor: Ashok Rao Kavi
    • Me Hijra Me Laxmi
      Author: Laxmi
      Translator: R. Raj Rao & P.G. Joshi
  • 2016

    • Film: Aligargh

    • On Feb 2, 2016 the Supreme Court of India referred the curative petitions against 377 to a five-judge Constitution Bench

    2016-Books

    • Bombay Dost 2016
      Editor: Ashok Rao Kavi
    • TSQ -Transgender Studies Quarterly - Volume 3 - November 2016
      Translating Transgender (Duke UP) Special Issue
      Editor: David Gramling & Aniruddha Dutta
    • Communities of belonging A book of photographs
      Author: Sunil Gupta and Charan Singh

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